Fast filling breasts, lots of poos, large weight gains and an unhappy baby can be signs of an oversupply.
In the early weeks of breastfeeding, some mums make more milk than their babies can easily cope with. Over about 6 weeks this usually settles down to a supply that matches your baby’s needs.
But sometimes it doesn’t.
Some signs that you may still be making too much milk:
Your baby is older than about 6 weeks.
Your breasts are often lumpy and tight, despite softening with a breastfeed.
Your baby gags, gulps (especially at the start of a feed) and often will not take the second breast.
Your baby gains a lot of weight quickly.
They may be extra fussy between feeds, especially in the evening.
You are changing many more than the usual number of heavy wet nappies.
Your baby generally has a poo at each feed (or even more) that is often green and frothy (and possibly also explosive).
What causes oversupply after the newborn period?
Some things can contribute to a mum making too much milk for her baby.
You may have been timing feeds and switching sides after a set number of minutes.
Your baby may cry a lot and want to suck often for comfort, which causes your breasts to make more milk.
You may have created an oversupply by expressing. Some mums are told to also express in the early days to build a good supply. This extra demand can make more milk than your baby needs. You then express for comfort and to avoid blocked ducts, which makes the oversupply worse.
You may be using a silicone milk catcher to collect leaking milk or because you feel engorged. Prolonged use of a milk catcher may result in more milk being removed from your breasts than your baby needs, creating an oversupply.
If you are worried about having a low supply, you may be feeding your baby more than they need and increasing your supply too much.
Some mums take medication or herbal products reputed to increase milk supply, 'just in case'. They may be worried about not making enough milk or they think their baby is crying a lot from hunger.
Perhaps your baby has been unwell, or has discomfort from a difficult birth, and is wanting to suck more for comfort than hunger.
Some mums just tend to make more milk than other mums. There is a normal range in this as in everything else about our bodies. In the past, these may have been the mothers who could have made a living as wet nurses!
What can I do if I keep making too much milk?
Think about the situations above and make changes if necessary. Then...
Try feeding from one breast at each feed. You may need to express just enough from the other breast to keep yourself comfortable.
If your baby hasn’t settled within the hour after a feed, offer the same breast again.